The Least of These explores one of the most controversial aspects of American immigration policy: family detention.
As part of the Bush administration policy to end what they termed the “catch and release’” of undocumented immigrants, the U.S. government opened the T. Don Hutto Residential Center in May 2006 as a prototype family detention facility. The facility is a former medium-security prison in central Texas operated by CCA, the largest private prison operator in the country. The facility houses immigrant children and their parents from all over the world who are awaiting asylum hearings or deportation proceedings.
The facility was initially activated with little media attention or public knowledge. Soon, however, immigration attorney Barbara Hines was contacted by detainees seeking representation, and she became increasingly concerned about the troubling conditions there. She joined forces with Vanita Gupta of the ACLU and Michelle Brané of the Women’s Refugee Commission to investigate conditions and seek changes. Their efforts were initially hampered by a lack of openness and oversight within the Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE) organization. Undeterred, the three attorneys attempted to bring about changes in both policy and conditions, by making their findings public, encouraging involvement by activists and the media, and ultimately by filing a historic lawsuit.As these events unfold, the film explores the government rationale for family detention, conditions at the facility, collateral damage, and the role (and limits) of community activism in bringing change. The film leads viewers to consider how core American rights and values – due process, presumption of innocence, upholding the family structure as the basic unit of civil society, and America as a refuge of last resort – should apply to immigrants, particularly children.
In the Library:
- Daniels, Roger. 2004. Guarding the golden door: American immigration policy and immigrants since 1882. New York: Hill and Wang. [WorldCat]
- Elsner, Alan. 2004. Gates of injustice: the crisis in America's prisons. Financial Times Prentice Hall books. Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT Prentice Hall. [WorldCat, NetLibrary]
- González, Juan. 2000. Harvest of empire: a history of Latinos in America. New York: Viking. [WorldCat]
- Graham, Otis L. 2004. Unguarded gates: a history of America's immigration crisis. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. [link: WorldCat, NetLibrary]
- Haines, David W., and Karen Elaine Rosenblum. 1999. Illegal immigration in America: a reference handbook. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. [link: WorldCat]
- Hayter, Teresa. 2000. Open borders the case against immigration controls. London: Pluto Press. [link: WorldCat, NetLibrary]
- Loury, Glenn C. 2008. Race, incarceration, and American values. A Boston review book. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [Link: WorldCat]
- Wong, Carolyn. 2006. Lobbying for inclusion: rights politics and the making of immigration policy. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press. [link: WorldCat, NetLibrary]
Neuman, Gerald L. 1998. Habeas Corpus, Executive Detention, and the Removal of Aliens. Columbia Law Review 98, no. 4 (May): 961-1067. doi:10.2307/1123354. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1123354. [link: JSTOR]
On the Web:
- The Least of These - Official documentary Web site
- Challenge to the Hutto Detention Center - List of legal documents filed by the ACLU
- "Jailed Without Justice" - Report by Amnesty International (pdf)
- "Locking Up Family Values" - Analysis of Don Hutto (Texas) and Berks (Pennsylvania) detention centers (pdf)
- ICE Family Residential Services - Link to standards and policy documents on family residential services by Immigration and Customs Enforcement
- The Business of Detention - Watchdog group providing information of corporations which provide family detention services
- ImmigrationProf Blog - Immigration law blog maintained by a group of prominent Law professors
- T. Don Hutto Blog - blog covering news and events about the Hutto Detention Center